Eye Conditions by Age

There is no substitute for a complete annual, eye exam with dilation by an eye doctor. However, we find that many conditions, and treatments, often, but not always, fall into age groups:

Infants & Children

Elementary School through Middle School

  • Myopia (nearsightedness) usually treated with glasses

Middle School through College

Ages 21 through 39

  • Myopia (nearsightedness) usually treated with glasses

Ages 40 to 60

  • Myopia (nearsightedness) usually treated with glasses
  • Hyperopia (farsightnedness) often treated with over the counter reading glasses. Also, laser surgery can treat hyperopia
  • Presbyopia (visual disturbance due to the aging eye), often treated with multifocal glasses, laser vision correction, corneal implants or presbyopic lens extraction
  • Dry Eye Disease (insufficient tears or other tear dysfunction)
  • Glaucoma (loss of vision, sometimes permanent, caused by increased eye pressure, sometimes related to swollen nerve endings)
  • Diabetic Retinopathy (diabetic eye disease), especially in those with already-diagnosed Type I or Type II diabetes
  • Posterior vitreous detachment
  • Typically, a complete, dilated eye exam is recommended every 1 year

Ages 65 and Older

  • Any of the above in the Ages 40 to 60 category, plus
  • Cataract (a hardening of the natural lens of the eye). This is repaired by cataract extraction surgery, which is the most commonly performed surgery in the United States. Typically covered by Medicare for distance vision only with out-of-pocket options to allow for the treatment of presbyopia or astigmatism at the same time. With elective options, most cataract surgery patients are glasses-free for life.
cataract surgery options tab flyer

Contact Us

We are always interested in hearing from you. Feel free to contact us. To schedule an appointment, please call the office at (502) 589-1500.

Our Location

The Eye Care Institute
1536 Story Avenue
Louisville, KY 40206

Phone: (502) 589-1500
Fax: 502-589-1556
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Office Hours: Mon - Fri: 7:30AM - 5:00PM
Exams: Mon - Fri: 7:50AM - 3:50PM
Medical Emergency Answering Service 24/7

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