eye exams

Frankly, what happens to a person who does not get regular eye exams is that they put themselves at higher risk for losing part or even all of their vision.

Many eye diseases are insidious. They sneak up on a person, and by the time symptoms are experienced it may be too late to reverse them. Among these disorders are:

Glaucoma

This disease is a leading cause of blindness. With open angle glaucoma, pressure in the eye builds up painlessly and eventually damages the optic nerve. There’s another form of glaucoma called narrow-angle glaucoma, but the symptoms of this disorder are dramatic and unmistakable. They include excruciating pain in the eye accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

An ophthalmologist can diagnose glaucoma through taking photos of the patient’s optic nerve and running tests such as tonometry, pachymetry and perimetry. Glaucoma responds well to medications, and the doctor can perform surgery to open a blocked channel in the eye.

Retinal Detachment

The retina is the membrane at the very back of the eye that allows a person to see. People who suffer a detached retina generally feel no pain, but they have symptoms they might attribute to something else. These include blurred vision, the sense that a curtain is being pulled down over the their eye, flashes of light and a swarm of floaters in their field of vision.

Diabetic Retinopathy

This is an eye condition that happens to people with uncontrolled diabetes. The disease damages the blood vessels in the retina. Symptoms include blurry vision or loss of vision, night blindness and floaters. People may have trouble telling one color from the other.

Hypertensive Retinopathy

Uncontrolled high blood pressure can damage the eyes in much the same way that diabetes does. Both damage the blood vessels in the retina. Many people don’t have any symptoms until the disease is advanced. Then, their symptoms include burst blood vessels in the eye, headaches, double vision and swollen eyes.

Age Related Macular Degeneration

In this condition, the person gradually loses their central vision. The two types are:

Dry Macular Degeneration

The great majority of people who have macular degeneration have this type. Again, there may be no symptoms in the early stages, but the symptoms appear and get worse over time. People begin to lose their central vision, and need brighter light to see by. Their vision becomes blurry, and lines that are supposed to be straight seem crooked.

Wet Macular Degeneration

The symptoms are similar but they worsen quickly. People complain of hazy vision and a blurry area in their field of vision. There are many treatment options to slow the loss of vision due to wet macular degeneration.Ⓡ

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The Eye Care Institute
1536 Story Avenue
Louisville, KY 40206

Phone: (502) 589-1500
Fax: 502-589-1556
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