Choosing a Louisville cataract surgeon can be difficult if you are not properly educated about cataracts and how cataracts are treated. Cataract surgery is the only way to remove a cataract and restore clear vision. Before having cataract surgery, you will need to have a dilated exam with your surgeon, and have some measurements taken to help decide which lens implant will be best for you.
What happens during cataract surgery?
During cataract surgery, the natural lens of your eye is removed and replaced with a clear artificial lens called an intraocular lens implant, or IOL. The surgical process involves a small incision phacoemulsification technique. This means that the cataract surgery is performed using the smallest possible incision, and removal of the lens material is accomplished using an ultrasonic needle. Once the eye has been properly dilated, the eye is then prepared with a cleaning solution. Topical anesthetic is then administered to the surface of the eye. Next, under a microscope an incision of 3 millimeters in length is then created at the junction of the cornea (the clear structure on the front of the eye) and the sclera (the white part of the eye). Another dose of anesthetic is then administered inside the eye through this incision. The front part of the lens envelope, know as the lens capsule, is carefully opened so that the lens material can be removed. This is accomplished using a needle-like ultrasonic device, which pulverizes the hardened and yellowed lens proteins known as the cataract. The pulverized material is simultaneously vacuumed from the eye. Once the cataract material has been removed a foldable (IOL) intraocular lens is then inserted through the main incision and positioned into the lens capsule. The lens will remain inside your eye in this location without moving. Intraocular lenses cannot be felt or sensed in any way by the patient. Patients can now elect to have premium lens implants during the cataract surgery process that may enable vision without glasses after surgery. Visit our Premium IOL page to learn more, contact one of our vision correction counselors today at 502.589.1500.
After Cataract Surgery
Cataract surgery is virtually painless and recovery is quick. You will notice improvement in your vision; however, you may still need glasses for some tasks. We ask that you arrange transportation after the cataract surgery, as your vision will be impaired. Most patients only experience relatively minimal discomfort after cataract surgery, and they may also encounter some mild redness or a sensation of itchiness in the affected eye. The Eye Care Institute will provide you with eye drops and a protective shield to wear over your eyes at night to prevent complications.
Premium IOL Risks
Depending upon your eye and the type of IOL, especially Premium IOLs, you may have increased night glare or halos, double vision, ghost images, impaired depth perception, blurry vision, and trouble driving at night..
Cataract Surgery Anesthesia Risk
As a result of the surgery and/or anesthesia, it is possible that your vision could be made worse. In some cases, complications may occur weeks, months or even years later. These and other complications may result in poor vision, total loss of vision, or even loss of the eye in rare situations. You may need additional treatment or surgery to treat these complications. This additional treatment is not included in the fee for this procedure.